Autobiographical Memory Functions of Nostalgia in Comparison to Rumination and Counterfactual Thinking: Similarity and Uniqueness

Cheung, Wing Yee and Wildschut, Tim and Sedikides, Constantine (2017) Autobiographical Memory Functions of Nostalgia in Comparison to Rumination and Counterfactual Thinking: Similarity and Uniqueness. Memory. ISSN 0965-8211

[img] Text
__akira_RKE_Winchester Research Repository_HANDOVER SUMMER 2017_Validating deposits_Versions of deposited article_647_Cheung_AutobiographicalMemoryFunctions... original deposit with set statement .pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 July 2018.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (507kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

We compared and contrasted nostalgia with rumination and counterfactual thinking in terms of their autobiographical memory functions. Specifically, we assessed individual differences in nostalgia, rumination, and counterfactual thinking, which we then linked to self-reported functions or uses of autobiographical memory (Self-Regard, Boredom Reduction, Death Preparation, Intimacy Maintenance, Conversation, Teach/Inform, Bitterness Revival). We tested which memory functions are shared and which are uniquely linked to nostalgia. The commonality among nostalgia, rumination, and counterfactual thinking resides in their shared positive associations with all memory functions: individuals who evinced a stronger propensity toward past-oriented thought (as manifested in nostalgia, rumination, and counterfactual thinking) reported greater overall recruitment of memories in the service of present functioning. The uniqueness of nostalgia resides in its comparatively strong positive associations with Intimacy Maintenance, Teach/Inform, and Self-Regard and weak association with Bitterness Revival. In all, nostalgia possesses a more positive functional signature than do rumination and counterfactual thinking.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autobiographical memory, nostalgia, rumination, counterfactual thinking, memory functions
Subjects: C Biological sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological sciences > C857 Affective psychology
C Biological sciences > C880 Social psychology
Departments: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Wing Yee Cheung
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2017 10:47
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2017 11:18
URI: http://repository.winchester.ac.uk/id/eprint/647

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item