Sense of Direction: One or Two Dimensions?

Davies, Clare and Athersuch, Lucy and Amos, Nikki (2017) Sense of Direction: One or Two Dimensions? LIPIcs: Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (86). 9:1-9:13. ISSN 1868-8969

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The Santa Barbara Sense of Direction scale (SBSOD) has been an invaluable research tool for over 15 years. Previous studies with non-US populations, despite supporting the scale’s internal validity, suggested national differences in individual item responses and possibly the factor analytic structure, although translation differences were confounded with cultural and environmental factors. Using a pooled British sample (N=151) - avoiding linguistic translation, yet reflecting ’old world’ environmental experience and strategies - this paper revisits the SBSOD’s validity and structure. While largely supporting the scale’s internal validity across cultures and spatial environments, findings from this population suggest at least a two-factor structure underlying the scores, with the first factor explaining less than half of its variance, supporting the oft-discussed division between survey- and route-oriented strategies. We conclude by proposing a more nuanced, efficiency-based theory of ’sense of direction’.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sense of direction, spatial ability, cognitive mapping
Subjects: C Biological sciences > C810 Applied psychology
C Biological sciences > C853 Psychology of memory & learning
C Biological sciences > C855 Psychology of higher cognitive processes
C Biological sciences > C870 Personality & individual differences
C Biological sciences > C871 Psychometrics
C Biological sciences > C873 Cross-cultural psychology
Departments: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Clare Davies
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 09:07
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 15:49

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